The book of ruth summary by chapter

The Book of Ruth Summary by Chapter (1-4): Concise and Comprehensive

This book of Ruth summary by chapter can help you gain a good grasp of the book at a glance.

The Book of Ruth is a historical account that focuses on the life of Ruth, a Moabite woman who becomes part of the lineage of David and ultimately, Jesus Christ. The story takes place during the time of the judges and narrates the remarkable journey of Ruth as she experiences loss, love, and divine favor.

So, in this post, I aim to provide a chapter-by-chapter summary of the book of Ruth.

Read: The Book of Judges Summary by Chapter (1-21)

The Book of Ruth Summary by Chapter

Ruth Chapter 1: A Time of Famine and the Bond of Family

The Setting

During a time of famine in Judah, Elimelech and his wife Naomi, along with their two sons, Mahlon and Chilion, leave Bethlehem and settle in Moab. Sadly, Elimelech passes away, and the two sons marry Moabite women, Ruth and Orpah. Tragedy strikes again when both sons die, leaving Naomi, Ruth, and Orpah as widows.

Naomi’s Return to Bethlehem and Ruth’s Noble Choice

When Naomi decides to return to Bethlehem after hearing that God has provided food for her people, Ruth insists on accompanying her. Despite Naomi urging her to stay, Ruth’s determination is unwavering, as she pledges allegiance to Naomi and her God. They return to Bethlehem as the barley harvest begins.

Ruth Chapter 2: Ruth’s Diligence and Boaz’s Kindness

Ruth Takes Initiative

Ruth decides to glean in the fields to support herself and Naomi. She ends up in the fields of Boaz, a relative of Elimelech. Boaz, a man of stature and kindness, takes notice of Ruth’s hard work and dedication, and ensures that she is treated well.

The Kindness of Boaz and Ruth’s Report to Naomi

Boaz’s generosity extends to allowing Ruth to gather ample grain and providing her meals. Ruth returns home with her bounty and tells Naomi about Boaz’s kindness. Naomi recognizes Boaz as a kinsman-redeemer and is grateful for the favor Ruth has found in his eyes.

Ruth Chapter 3: At The Threshing Floor

Naomi’s Plan

Naomi concocts a plan for Ruth to present herself to Boaz at the threshing floor, where he will be sleeping after a day of winnowing barley. She instructs Ruth to lay at his feet, as a symbolic gesture for him to take on the role of kinsman-redeemer.

Boaz’s Promise

Ruth follows Naomi’s instructions. Boaz is impressed by her virtuousness and promises to marry her if a closer relative does not claim the right of redemption. Ruth returns to Naomi and shares what occurred, and they await the outcome with anticipation.

Ruth Chapter 4: Redemption and Legacy

Boaz Acts as Kinsman Redeemer

Boaz doesn’t waste time and goes to the city gate to discuss the matter with the elders and the closer kinsman. When the other relative forfeits his right to redeem, Boaz joyfully accepts the responsibility to marry Ruth and redeem the land that belonged to Elimelech.

The Marriage of Boaz and Ruth and The Lineage of David

Boaz and Ruth marry and are blessed with a son named Obed. This joyous occasion marks the restoration of Naomi’s family line and the establishment of Ruth in the genealogy of David, and ultimately, Jesus Christ.

The Legacy and Significance of Ruth’s Story

The Moabite in the Messianic Line

The story of Ruth, a Moabite woman, becomes a testament to the inclusive love of God. Her inclusion in the lineage of King David, and ultimately, Jesus Christ, signifies that God’s grace extends beyond the borders of Israel, embracing all who come to Him in faith.

Virtues Evident in Ruth’s Life

Ruth’s unwavering loyalty, humility, and diligence serve as beautiful examples for all believers. Her dedication to Naomi and her embrace of the God of Israel reflects a heart of true devotion. Through Ruth, we see the virtues of faith, hope, and love personified.

God’s Sovereignty and Grace

The Book of Ruth showcases the sovereignty of God, as He orchestrates events in Ruth’s life. From the fields of Boaz to the lineage of David, God’s hand is evident, showcasing His divine providence and unending grace.

Read also: The Book of 1 Samuel Summary by Chapter (1-31)


I hope this summary of the Book of Ruth chapter by chapter has whetted your appetite for the riches found in Scripture. I encourage you to read the Book of Ruth in its entirety and reflect on the powerful lessons it holds for your life.

May the Lord bless you and keep you as you seek to grow in knowledge and grace through His Word. Let the story of Ruth inspire you to live a life of devotion and love, rooted in the promises of God. Amen.

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